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Reisen in Usbekistan - Antike Städte

 

Day 1: Arrive Tashkent – Khiva


Morning arrival in Tashkent - the capital of Uzbekistan. Transfer to the hotel and accommodation. Rest
after a long flight. Afternoon city tour: "New Tashkent Television Tower" - the highest in Central Asia and
the eighth in the world - 375 m, "Memorial to the Victims of Repression" - the memorial complex and
museum, "Monument of Courage"- the epicenter of the Tashkent earthquake of 1966 (1976). Old part of
the city: the architectural complex "Khazret-Imam" incl. necropolis of imam Abu Bakr Muhammad al-Kaffal
Shashi who was one of the first Muslim imams and a famous prophet and poet (16th c.), "Barak-khan
Medressa" - built by Suyunidj-khan - the first ruler of the Uzbek dynasty of the Sheibanid's (16th c.),
"Tellya Sheikh Medressa" also called "Khast Imom Mosque" where Osman Quran - the world's oldest - is
kept (19th c.), "Mui-Mubarak Medressa" (19th c.), "Juma Mosque" (15-19th cc.), Imam Ismail al Bukhari
Islamic Institute - a two year post-medressa academy, "Hadra" square, "Kukeldash Medressa" ("Foster
brother") - was built by Kukekdash - the vizier of the Tashkent khans (16th c.), "Jami Mosque"- the third
biggest mosque in Uzbekistan. Accommodation in a hotel. Overnight in Tashkent.


Day 2: Khiva – Bukhara


Breakfast in the hotel. Transfer to airport for mourning flight to Urgench on flight HY 1057 at 9:00. 10:40
arrival in Urgench - the administration centre of Khorezm region. Transfer to Khiva - the only "Museum
under the open sky" in Central Asia that has been completely preserved up to the present day (35 km, 30
min). City tour around architectural complex Ichan-Qala" - the historical center of Khiva which has been
inscribed into the UNESCO World Heritage List. City tour around the architectural complex "Ichan-Qala"
(12-19th cc.): Kunya-Ark khan's castle - the inner citadel of Ichan-Qala (16-17th cc.), Kalta Minor Tower
(Short minaret) that would have become the biggest and tallest minaret in Central Asia (19th c.),
Muhammad Amin-Khan - the biggest medieval medressa in Khiva (1845-1855 yy.), Djuma Mosque with
220 wooden columns and a minaret 32,5 m height (10th c.), Tash-Hauli (Stone courtyard) palace looking
like a fortress with a high battlements, towers and fortified gates (19th c.), Ak-Mosque (White Mosque) - a
small quarter mosque by the gates of Palvan-Darvaza (1838-1842), necropolis of Pahlavan Mahmud - the
cultic center of Ichan-Qala (1810-1913 yy.), residence of Islam Khodja (1910 y.) - the vizier of the last
khan. Ensemble consists of the smallest medressa in Khiva and a minaret whose top platform has a
height of 45 m and is the highest observation point in town. Afternoon transfer to Bukhara via the Kizil-
Kum desert along the Caravan road (480 km, 5-7 hrs). Arrival in Sacred Bukhara - one of the most
esteemed cities of Islamic civilization. Hotel accommodation. Overnight in Bukhara.


Day 3: Bukhara


Breakfast in the hotel. City tour: mausoleum of the Samanids - the most ancient brick building in Central
Asia, a masterpiece of world architecture (9-10th c.), mausoleum Chashma Ayub that belongs to the
esteemed "places of trace" left by saints persons (14th c.). The legend says that once the bible prophet
Job (Ayub) visited this place. Visit to the museums of Imam Al Bukhari and "The Museum of Water".
"Bolo-Houz Mosque" - the only monument of medieval Bukhara (beg. of 20th c.), Ark - the center of
Bukhara statehood (4th c. B.C.), silk carpet shops, complex "Poi Kalon" ("Beneath the Great"): "Kalyan
Minaret" - the main symbol of sacred Bukhara that symbolized the authority and power of the spiritual
governors. (12th c.), "Kalyan Mosque"- its area of 130x80 m surpasses Bibi-Khanym mosque in
Samarkand, "Miri Arab Madrassah" - active madrassah is one of the most esteemed spiritual Islamic
universities (16th c.), "Taki Zargaron" - the dome of jewelers (15-16th cc.), "Ulugbeg Medressa" - one of
the 3 madrassahs constructed by the grandson of Tamerlan - Ulugbeg (15th c.), "Abdulaziz-khan
Madrassah" - traditional madrassah with 2 floors of hudjras and a mosque on the central axis ( mid. of
17th c.), Tim of Abdullah-Khan madrassah (1588-1590), atlas shops, "Magoki-Attari Mosque" - the most
ancient mosque in Bukhara (12th c.) is considered a masterpiece of Bukhara architecture, "Khanaka and
madrassah of Nadir Divan-Beghi" - a massive rectangular structure that was a place for the refuge and
meditation of Sufis (17th c.), "Kukeldash Madrassah" (16th c.) - one of the biggest Bukhara madrassah,
"Lyabi-Hauz" ensemble - the largest artificial reservoir of medieval Bukhara - is very popular among
tourists (14-17th cc.), "Chor Minor" ("Four minarets") is an unusual madrassah built by Caliph Niyazkul
(18th c.). Overnight in Bukhara.


Day 4: Bukhara - Samarkand


Breakfast in the hotel. 06:00 transfer to the historical town of Samarkand - a crossroad of the world's
cultures, one of the most ancient cities in the world (268 km, 4 hrs) and hotel accommodation. Tour
around the capital of Tamerlane's Empire: Gur Emir Mausoleum - Tamerlan's tomb (14-15th c.) that was
built for Temur's grandson Muhammad-Sultan and the tombs of three other Temurids - sons of Temur -
Miranshah and Shahruh and his grandson Ulugbek, Ruhabad Mausoleum ("House of Spirit") - the legend
says that under the dome there is a box with seven hairs of Prophet Muhammad (14th c.), Registan
Square ("A sandy place") - the major square of Samarkand: Ulugbeg Medressa - Sheikh Khodja Akhrar
and poet Djami were among outstanding graduates of the medressa (15th c.), Sher-Dor Medressa
("Having tigers") (17th c.), Tillya-Kari Medressa ("Coated by gold") - the rich gilding on the dome, walls
and mihrab surpassed all other famous buildings in Central Asia (17th c.). The mosque named after
Hazret-Hyzr - an Islamic saint and eternal wanderer. He was esteemed as giving richness and good luck
in far voyages and trade (19th c.), cathedral mosque Bibi-Khanym that was named after the oldest wife of
Tamerlan (14th c.), the architectural complex Shahi-Zinda (Alive king) - necropolis on the slope of the
Afrosiab hill is connected with Kusam ibn Abbas - the cousin of Prophet Muhammad (11-15th c.).
Overnight in Samarkand.


Day 5: Tashkent


Breakfast in the hotel. Transfer to Tashkent (315 km, 5 hrs). Transfer to Tashkent Airport for flight.

 

 

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